A. How does it work?
Genes typically strongly impact sex hormone production in females (e.g. estrogen) and regulate its levels as the body matures. Similarly, the way cells will respond to sex hormones is also predetermined by a person’s genetic makeup. Indeed, a study has shown that the passive diffusion of the androgen hormone in the blood and its effective associations with receptors relies on a protein called the sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG).
2. The maintenance of gut microbiota
In the long run, the sustenance of a balanced gut microbiota yields significant benefits to the metabolic system, which consists of the chemical process that absorb and breakdown ingested nutrients, such as protein, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acid.
In a well-functioning organism, estrogen is absorbed by the liver as it circulates in the blood stream. The encounter between the estrogen hormone and glucuronic acid -which eliminates toxins in the liver-, however, typically generates a large and complex composite, which is discharged via execration as it cannot be absorbed by the gastrointestinal wall.
3. Hormonal balance
A balanced diet is particularly important to the female body given that nutrients regulate the endocrines; combined with the adrenal glands and ovaries, these play an essential role in estrogen production.
ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) and RNS (Reactive Nitrogen Species) free radicals constitute a significant threat to cells present in the human body. Generated at the final stages of the metabolic process, their accumulation results in oxidative stress, which can harm protein, lipids, as well as DNA present in body cells, which ultimately can lead to their deterioration and a disturbance in the normal functioning of the organism. Such a development can bring about acute conditions caused by dysfunctions in both hormonal and reproductive systems.
B. In the absence of the elements
listed in A,
the following may occur :
1. Genetic disorders
Adults with genetic disorders may suffer a range of conditions, which can make take the form of defects in the endocrine system and incidences of premature ovarian failure (POF). Women diagnosed with POF will typically experience issues relating to their menstrual cycle, infertility, as well as vaginal dryness, hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings. Thanks to cutting-edge technology, however, doctors can today successfully diagnose which specific genes lie behind premature ovarian failure.
4. Abnormal level of sex hormones
Long-term chronic inflammation is also responsible for dysfunctions in the endocrine gland, which can negatively impact androgen levels.
C. Towards developing effective solutions
1. Further research
Several medical studies evidence the fact that a range of fatal illnesses -including breast cancer- are caused by the overlap between recessive genes and the androgen function. Currently, however, further research needs to be conducted to develop potential treatment options in compliance with medical practice.
2. Regulating microorganisms in gastro-intestinal tract
Prebiotics and non-digestible polysaccharides can harmonize and even out gut bacteria to optimize and prevent imbalances in the gut microbiota. Prebiotics should not be confused with probiotics, live bacteria of which the properties are beneficial to the digestive and metabolic systems, as well as the gut flora. Hence, a balanced gut bacterium is essential to adult women’s health.
3. Sufficiently nutritious dietary intake
Nutrition in childhood and teenagehood is especially important to hormonal production. Nutrients that are vital to sex hormone production include DIM (Diindolylmethane), Calcium D-Glucarate, Magnesium, and Isoflavones, which can be easily found in different members of the pea and bean species.
4. Providing active substances that prevent free radicals
The antioxidant defense, which serves the critical function of shielding the body against harmful free radicals, can be enhanced by means of the adoption of a nutritive diet, rich in antioxidants. Indeed, antioxidants prevent premature cellular aging, regulates the organism, and enables women to preserve their youth and skin complexion. Fortunately, a range of affordable supplements with antioxidant properties are today available on the market.
There are in total two different types of antioxidants: